In the lower and upper kindergarten, the play way method of teaching is continued to a large extent. In lower KG writing of strokes and lines is first practiced on sand, slate, board and only then on paper. They are then taught the alphabets and their sounds. This makes reading and writing easier for them later.
They are also taught about the environment through various interesting activities and worksheets. Mathematical concepts are introduced to them through hands on activities which reinforces their conceptual learning and problem solving skills. Recognition and reading of Malayalam alphabets is also taught. Children are also taught rhymes and songs in both Malayalam and English.
As they leave LKG they are thorough with the alphabets and their sounds and basic mathematical concepts.
In the Upper Kindergarten children go on to learn reading and writing of both phonic words and sight words. Reading is facilitated through flash cards, picture cards and word puzzles. Then they proceed to read and write simple and short sentences. They are also introduced to colourful and pictorial story books which helps to develop their interest in reading.
Learning about the environment through worksheets and fun activities help them to observe and understand their surroundings. Teaching of mathematics continues by teaching of bigger numbers from one to hundred, tens and ones, before - after - between numbers, greater than - lesser than numbers, number names, completing patterns, picture addition and subtraction. In this class they are taught some popular nursery rhymes and songs in English and Malayalam.
Chidren learn to recognise, read and write Malayalam and Hindi alphabets too. By the end of this grade they are thorough with reading and writing of simple sentences in the cursive style, oral counting and writing of numbers from one to hundred, speaking simple sentences in English and reciting popular nursery rhymes and songs.